Carruthers Observatory is studying Earth’s exosphere: what it is, how we observe it, and how it responds to solar influences.
Grotifer aims to close the many significant science questions that are hampered by the current lack of accurate 3D e-field measurements (e.g., at reconnection).
ACES II is a NASA-funded rocket mission to measure the global electric circuit underlying the northern lights.
THEMIS studies how mass and energy move through the near-Earth space environment to determine the physical processes initiating auroras.
The goal of the ICON mission is to understand the tug-of-war between Earth’s atmosphere and the space environment.